Selected starting references on cases and problem-based learning

Some starting references on cases and problem-based learning

Brooks, J. G. & Brooks, M. G. (1993). The Case for Constructivist Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Norman, G. R. & Schmidt, H.G. (1992, September). The psychological basis of problem-based learning: A review of the evidence. Academic Medicine, 67(9): 557-565.

Schmidt, H.G. (1993). Foundations of problem-based learning: some explanatory notes. Medical Education, 27, pp. 422-432.

Stanley, E.D. and M.A. Waterman. Learning with Investigative Cases: A scenario. BioQUEST Notes, Winter 1998, 8(2): 8-9,13.

Stepien, w. J., Gallagher, S. A. & Workman, D. (1993). Problem-Based Learning for traditional and interdisciplinary classrooms. Journal for the education of the Gifted (4), pp. 338-345.

Stepien, W., & Gallagher, S. (1993, April). Problem-Based Learning: As authentic as it gets. Educational Leadership, pp. 25-28.

Waterman, M.A. Investigative Case Study Approach for Biology Learning. Bioscene - Journal of College BiologyTeaching 24(1) 3-10, April 1998.

Waterman, M.A. and E.D. Stanley. Kingdoms Entangled: A case for BioQUEST. BioQUEST Notes, Fall 1996, 6(2).

Wilkerson, L. & Feletti, G. (1989) Problem-Based Learning: One approach to increasing student participation. In: A. F. Lucas (ed.) the Department Chairperson's Role in Enhancing College Teaching. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, no. 37, pp. 51-60. SanFrancisco: Jossey-Bass.

Connecting via Internet to others using cases and PBL:

The University of Delaware is using cases and other forms of problems for an institution-wide reform of science learning and teaching.

Clyde Herreid has been working with faculty at the University of Buffalo on case-based science learning for more than ten years. This is a well-organized web site, with links to many other projects and faculty working with cases in several disciplines.

At the University of Oregon a group has been developing "workshop" biology for the past few years and uses some case material, especially for the "issues" activities.

At Niagara University, a project on cases for human anatomy and physiology is underway. They have a few cases on line, and some questions that accompany them.

The BioQUEST Curriculum Consortium has been working on the problem of connecting cases to open-ended student investigations. A multipart case is under development, and is designed to help students and faculty raise researchable questions. The case is supported by the BioQUEST library of investigative software.

Harvard Medical School has a catalog of cases used in their basic biology courses. These cases can be purchased.

Contact the Director of Medical Education, Office of Educational Development, Harvard Medical School, Boston MA 02115.

Literature Cited

Atebara, N., D. Avila, W. Barfield, B. Cervantes, M. Patton, M.A. Peregrino, E. Pierluissi, T. Rutledge, and G. Upshaw. (1987, updated 1994) The Tutorial Experience: A survival guide. Boston, MA: Harvard Medical School, Office of Educational Development.

Barrows, H. S. and R. Tamblyn. 1980 Problem-Based Learning. New York: Springer.

Bergland, M. and K. Klyczek. 1998. DNA electrophoresis module for Case-It!, Version 2.0 for Macintosh and IBM compatible computers. BioQUEST Library V, J. Jungck and V. Vaughan (Eds.). New York, Academic Press.

Boehrer, J. and M. Linsky. 1990 Teaching with cases: learning to question. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, No. 42: 41-57. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Brown, J.S., A. Collins and P. Duguid. 1989. Situated cognition and the culture of learning. Educational Researcher 18:32-41.

Bruffee, Kenneth A. 1993. Collaborative Learning: Higher Education, Interdependence and the Authority of Knowledge. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U P.

Christensen, C. R. and A.J. Hansen. 1981. Teaching and the Case Method. Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing Division.

Fermi National Laboratory. Handbook of Engaged Learning Projects (HELP). [On line] October 10, 1999.

Fraccaro, W., C. Schwarz, L. Cwik, and P. Franzen. Smallville Prairie Development Project Assessment Rubrics. [On-line] October 10, 1999

Office of Educational Development. 1991. Case Writing Workshop. Notebook from a summer CME course. Unpublished document, Harvard Medical School, Boston Mass.

Peretz, S. 1998. How do we inherit our biological characteristics? [On-line] October 10, 1999. or try

Schmidt, H.G. 1983. Problem-based learning: rationale and description. Medical Education 17:11-16.

Tosteson, D.C, S. J. Adelstein and S.T. Carver. 1994. New Pathways to Medical School: Learning to Learn at Harvard Medical School. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press.

Waterman, M., L. Weinland, P. Woodruff, K. Klyczek, K. Grimnes, J. Fischer and M. Howse. 1996. Contribution of the Case Development Group. Unpublished document of the BioQUEST Summer Workshop, Beloit, WI.

Wilkerson, L. and G. Feletti. 1989. Problem-based learning: one approach to increasing student participation. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, No. 37: 51-60. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Woodruff, P., L. Weinland, K. Klyczek, J. Fischer, K. Grimnes, M. Howse and M. Waterman. 1996. Learning to spell "case" with 3P's. Unpublished document, BioQUEST Curriculum Consortium Summer Workshop, Beloit, WI, June.

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